Source code for dendropy.datamodel.charmatrixmodel

#! /usr/bin/env python

##############################################################################
##  DendroPy Phylogenetic Computing Library.
##
##  Copyright 2010-2015 Jeet Sukumaran and Mark T. Holder.
##  All rights reserved.
##
##  See "LICENSE.rst" for terms and conditions of usage.
##
##  If you use this work or any portion thereof in published work,
##  please cite it as:
##
##     Sukumaran, J. and M. T. Holder. 2010. DendroPy: a Python library
##     for phylogenetic computing. Bioinformatics 26: 1569-1571.
##
##############################################################################

"""
Character and character-sequence data structures.
"""

import warnings
import copy
import collections
from dendropy.utility.textprocessing import StringIO
from dendropy.utility import textprocessing
from dendropy.utility import error
from dendropy.utility import deprecate
from dendropy.utility import container
from dendropy.datamodel import charstatemodel
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import DNA_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import RNA_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import NUCLEOTIDE_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import PROTEIN_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import RESTRICTION_SITES_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel.charstatemodel import INFINITE_SITES_STATE_ALPHABET
from dendropy.datamodel import basemodel
from dendropy.datamodel import taxonmodel
from dendropy import dataio

###############################################################################
## ContinuousCharElement

class ContinuousCharElement(
        basemodel.DataObject,
        basemodel.Annotable):
    def __init__(self, value, column_def=None, label=None):
        basemodel.DataObject.__init__(self,
                label=label)
        self.value = value
        self.column_def = column_def

###############################################################################
## CharacterType

[docs]class CharacterType( basemodel.DataObject, basemodel.Annotable): """ A character format or type of a particular column: i.e., maps a particular set of character state definitions to a column in a character matrix. """ def __init__(self, label=None, state_alphabet=None): basemodel.DataObject.__init__(self, label=label) self._state_alphabet = None self.state_alphabet = state_alphabet def _get_state_alphabet(self): """ The |StateAlphabet| representing the state alphabet for this column: i.e., the collection of symbols and the state identities to which they map. """ return self._state_alphabet def _set_state_alphabet(self, value): self._state_alphabet = value state_alphabet = property(_get_state_alphabet, _set_state_alphabet) def __copy__(self, memo=None): raise TypeError("Cannot directly copy {}".format(self.__class__.__name__)) def taxon_namespace_scoped_copy(self, memo=None): raise TypeError("Cannot directly copy {}".format(self.__class__.__name__)) def __deepcopy__(self, memo=None): return basemodel.Annotable.__deepcopy__(self, memo=memo)
############################################################################### ## CharacterDataSequence
[docs]class CharacterDataSequence( basemodel.Annotable, ): """ A sequence of character values or values for a particular taxon or entry in a data matrix. Objects of this class can be (almost) treated as simple lists, where the elements are the values of characters (typically, real values in the case of continuous data, and special instances of |StateIdentity| objects in the case of discrete data. Character type data (represented by |CharacterType| instances) and metadata annotations (represented by |AnnotationSet| instances), if any, are maintained in a parallel list that need to be accessed separately using the index of the value to which the data correspond. So, for example, the |AnnotationSet| object containing the metadata annotations for the first value in a sequence, ``s[0]``, is available through ``s.annotations_at(0)``, while the character type information for that first element is available through ``s.character_type_at(0)`` and can be set through ``s.set_character_type_at(0, c)``. In most cases where metadata annotations and character type information are not needed, treating objects of this class as a simple list provides all the functionality needed. Where metadata annotations or character type information are required, all the standard list mutation methods (e.g., ``CharacterDataSequence.insert``, ``CharacterDataSequence.append``, ``CharacterDataSequence.extend``) also take optional ``character_type`` and ``character_annotations`` argument in addition to the primary ``character_value`` argument, thus allowing for setting of the value, character type, and annotation set simultaneously. While iteration over character values are available through the standard list iteration interface, the method ``CharacterDataSequence.cell_iter()`` provides for iterating over ``<character-value, character-type, character-annotation-set>`` triplets. """ ############################################################################### ## Life-cycle def __init__(self, character_values=None, character_types=None, character_annotations=None): """ Parameters ---------- character_values : iterable of values A set of values for this sequence. """ self._character_values = [] self._character_types = [] self._character_annotations = [] if character_values: self.extend( character_values=character_values, character_types=character_types, character_annotations=character_annotations) ############################################################################### ## Life-cycle # def values(self): # return list(self._character_values)
[docs] def values(self): """ Returns list of values of this vector. Returns ------- v : list List of values making up this vector. """ return self._character_values
[docs] def symbols_as_list(self): """ Returns list of string representation of values of this vector. Returns ------- v : list List of string representation of values making up this vector. """ return list(str(cs) for cs in self._character_values)
[docs] def symbols_as_string(self, sep=""): """ Returns values of this vector as a single string, with individual value elements separated by ``sep``. Returns ------- s : string String representation of values making up this vector. """ return sep.join(str(cs) for cs in self._character_values)
def __str__(self): return self.symbols_as_string()
[docs] def append(self, character_value, character_type=None, character_annotations=None): """ Adds a value to ``self``. Parameters ---------- character_value : object Value to be stored. character_type : |CharacterType| Description of character value. character_annotations : |AnnotationSet| Metadata annotations associated with this character. """ self._character_values.append(character_value) self._character_types.append(character_type) self._character_annotations.append(character_annotations)
[docs] def extend(self, character_values, character_types=None, character_annotations=None): """ Extends ``self`` with values. Parameters ---------- character_values : iterable of objects Values to be stored. character_types : iterable of |CharacterType| objects Descriptions of character values. character_annotations : iterable |AnnotationSet| objects Metadata annotations associated with characters. """ self._character_values.extend(character_values) if character_types is None: self._character_types.extend( [None] * len(character_values) ) else: assert len(character_types) == len(character_values) self._character_types.extend(character_types) if character_annotations is None: self._character_annotations.extend( [None] * len(character_values) ) else: assert len(character_annotations) == len(character_values) self._character_annotations.extend(character_annotations)
def __len__(self): return len(self._character_values) def __getitem__(self, idx): return self._character_values[idx] def __setitem__(self, idx, value): self._character_values[idx] = value def __iter__(self): return self.__next__() def __next__(self): for v in self._character_values: yield v next = __next__ # Python 2 legacy support
[docs] def cell_iter(self): """ Iterate over triplets of character values and associated |CharacterType| and |AnnotationSet| instances. """ for v, t, a in zip(self._character_values, self._character_types, self._character_annotations): yield v, t, a
def __delitem__(self, idx): del self._character_values[idx] del self._character_types[idx] del self._character_annotations[idx]
[docs] def set_at(self, idx, character_value, character_type=None, character_annotations=None): """ Set value and associated character type and metadata annotations for element at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element to set. character_value : object Value to be stored. character_type : |CharacterType| Description of character value. character_annotations : |AnnotationSet| Metadata annotations associated with this character. """ to_add = (idx+1) - len(self._character_values) while to_add > 0: self.append(None) to_add -= 1 self._character_values[idx] = character_value self._character_types[idx] = character_type self._character_annotations[idx] = character_annotations
[docs] def insert(self, idx, character_value, character_type=None, character_annotations=None): """ Insert value and associated character type and metadata annotations for element at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element to set. character_value : object Value to be stored. character_type : |CharacterType| Description of character value. character_annotations : |AnnotationSet| Metadata annotations associated with this character. """ self._character_values.insert(idx, character_value) self._character_types.insert(idx, character_type) self._character_annotations.insert(idx, character_annotations)
[docs] def value_at(self, idx): """ Return value of character at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element value to return. Returns ------- c : object Value of character at index ``idx``. """ return self._character_values[idx]
[docs] def character_type_at(self, idx): """ Return type of character at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element character type to return. Returns ------- c : |CharacterType| |CharacterType| associated with character index ``idx``. """ return self._character_types[idx]
[docs] def annotations_at(self, idx): """ Return metadata annotations of character at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element annotations to return. Returns ------- c : |AnnotationSet| |AnnotationSet| representing metadata annotations of character at index ``idx``. """ if self._character_annotations[idx] is None: self._character_annotations[idx] = basemodel.AnnotationSet() return self._character_annotations[idx]
[docs] def has_annotations_at(self, idx): """ Return |True| if character at ``idx`` has metadata annotations. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element annotations to check. Returns ------- b : bool |True| if character at ``idx`` has metadata annotations, |False| otherwise. """ return not self._character_annotations[idx] is None
[docs] def set_character_type_at(self, idx, character_type): """ Set type of character at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element character type to set. """ self._character_types[idx] = character_type
[docs] def set_annotations_at(self, idx, annotations): """ Set metadata annotations of character at ``idx``. Parameters ---------- idx : integer Index of element annotations to set. """ self._character_annotations[idx] = annotations
############################################################################### ## Subset of Character (Columns)
[docs]class CharacterSubset( basemodel.DataObject, basemodel.Annotable, ): """ Tracks definition of a subset of characters. """ def __init__(self, label=None, character_indices=None): """ Parameters ---------- label: str Name of this subset. character_indices: iterable of ``int`` Iterable of 0-based (integer) indices of column positions that constitute this subset. """ basemodel.DataObject.__init__(self, label=label) if character_indices is None: self.character_indices = set() else: self.character_indices = set(character_indices) def __len__(self): return len(self.character_indices) def __iter__(self): return iter(self.character_indices) def __deepcopy__(self, memo): return basemodel.Annotable.__deepcopy__(self, memo=memo)
############################################################################### ## CharacterMatrix
[docs]class CharacterMatrix( taxonmodel.TaxonNamespaceAssociated, basemodel.Annotable, basemodel.Deserializable, basemodel.NonMultiReadable, basemodel.Serializable, basemodel.DataObject): """ A data structure that manages assocation of operational taxononomic unit concepts to sequences of character state identities or values. This is a base class that provides general functionality; derived classes specialize for particular data types. You will not be using the class directly, but rather one of the derived classes below, specialized for data types such as DNA, RNA, continuous, etc. This class and derived classes behave like a dictionary where the keys are |Taxon| objects and the values are `CharacterDataSequence` objects. Access to sequences based on taxon labels as well as indexes are also provided. Numerous methods are provided to manipulate and iterate over sequences. Character partitions can be managed through `CharacterSubset` objects, while management of detailed metadata on character types are available through |CharacterType| objects. Objects can be instantiated by reading data from external sources through the usual ``get_from_stream()``, ``get_from_path()``, or ``get_from_string()`` functions. In addition, a single matrix object can be instantiated from multiple matrices (``concatenate()``) or data sources (``concatenate_from_paths``). A range of methods also exist for importing data from another matrix object. These vary depending on how "new" and "existing" are treated. A "new" sequence is a sequence in the other matrix associated with a |Taxon| object for which there is no sequence defined in the current matrix. An "existing" sequence is a sequence in the other matrix associated with a |Taxon| object for which there *is* a sequence defined in the current matrix. +---------------------------------+---------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------+ | | New Sequences: IGNORED | New Sequences: ADDED | +=================================+=============================================+============================================+ | Existing Sequences: IGNORED | [NO-OP] | :meth:`CharacterMatrix.add_sequences()` | +---------------------------------+---------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------+ | Existing Sequences: OVERWRITTEN | :meth:`CharacterMatrix.replace_sequences()` | :meth:`CharacterMatrix.update_sequences()` | +---------------------------------+---------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------+ | Existing Sequences: EXTENDED | :meth:`CharacterMatrix.extend_sequences()` | :meth:`CharacterMatrix.extend_matrix()` | +---------------------------------+---------------------------------------------+--------------------------------------------+ If character subsets have been defined, these subsets can be exported to independent matrices. """ ########################################################################### ### Class Variables data_type = None character_sequence_type = CharacterDataSequence ########################################################################### ### Factory (Class) Methods def _parse_and_create_from_stream(cls, stream, schema, matrix_offset=0, **kwargs): taxon_namespace = taxonmodel.process_kwargs_dict_for_taxon_namespace(kwargs, None) if taxon_namespace is None: taxon_namespace = taxonmodel.TaxonNamespace() def tns_factory(label): if label is not None and taxon_namespace.label is None: taxon_namespace.label = label return taxon_namespace label = kwargs.pop("label", None) kwargs["data_type"] = cls.data_type reader = dataio.get_reader(schema, **kwargs) char_matrices = reader.read_char_matrices( stream=stream, taxon_namespace_factory=tns_factory, char_matrix_factory=new_char_matrix, state_alphabet_factory=charstatemodel.StateAlphabet, global_annotations_target=None) if len(char_matrices) == 0: raise ValueError("No character data in data source") char_matrix = char_matrices[matrix_offset] if char_matrix.data_type != cls.data_type: raise ValueError( "Data source (at offset {}) is of type '{}', " "but current CharacterMatrix is of type '{}'.".format( matrix_offset, char_matrix.data_type, cls.data_type)) return char_matrix _parse_and_create_from_stream = classmethod(_parse_and_create_from_stream) @classmethod
[docs] def get(cls, **kwargs): """ Instantiate and return a *new* character matrix object from a data source. **Mandatory Source-Specification Keyword Argument (Exactly One of the Following Required):** - **file** (*file*) -- File or file-like object of data opened for reading. - **path** (*str*) -- Path to file of data. - **url** (*str*) -- URL of data. - **data** (*str*) -- Data given directly. **Mandatory Schema-Specification Keyword Argument:** - **schema** (*str*) -- Identifier of format of data given by the "``file``", "``path``", "``data``", or "``url``" argument specified above: ":doc:`fasta </schemas/fasta>`", ":doc:`nexus </schemas/nexus>`", or ":doc:`nexml </schemas/nexml>`", ":doc:`phylip </schemas/phylip>`", etc. See "|Schemas|" for more details. **Optional General Keyword Arguments:** - **label** (*str*) -- Name or identifier to be assigned to the new object; if not given, will be assigned the one specified in the data source, or |None| otherwise. - **taxon_namespace** (|TaxonNamespace|) -- The |TaxonNamespace| instance to use to :doc:`manage the taxon names </primer/taxa>`. If not specified, a new one will be created. - **matrix_offset** (*int*) -- 0-based index of character block or matrix in source to be parsed. If not specified then the first matrix (offset = 0) is assumed. - **ignore_unrecognized_keyword_arguments** (*bool*) -- If |True|, then unsupported or unrecognized keyword arguments will not result in an error. Default is |False|: unsupported keyword arguments will result in an error. **Optional Schema-Specific Keyword Arguments:** These provide control over how the data is interpreted and processed, and supported argument names and values depend on the schema as specified by the value passed as the "``schema``" argument. See "|Schemas|" for more details. **Examples:** :: dna1 = dendropy.DnaCharacterMatrix.get( file=open("pythonidae.fasta"), schema="fasta") dna2 = dendropy.DnaCharacterMatrix.get( url="http://purl.org/phylo/treebase/phylows/matrix/TB2:M2610?format=nexus", schema="nexus") aa1 = dendropy.ProteinCharacterMatrix.get( file=open("pythonidae.dat"), schema="phylip") std1 = dendropy.StandardCharacterMatrix.get( path="python_morph.nex", schema="nexus") std2 = dendropy.StandardCharacterMatrix.get( data=">t1\\n01011\\n\\n>t2\\n11100", schema="fasta") """ return cls._get_from(**kwargs)
[docs] def concatenate(cls, char_matrices): """ Creates and returns a single character matrix from multiple CharacterMatrix objects specified as a list, 'char_matrices'. All the CharacterMatrix objects in the list must be of the same type, and share the same TaxonNamespace reference. All taxa must be present in all alignments, all all alignments must be of the same length. Component parts will be recorded as character subsets. """ taxon_namespace = char_matrices[0].taxon_namespace nseqs = len(char_matrices[0]) concatenated_chars = cls(taxon_namespace=taxon_namespace) pos_start = 0 for cidx, cm in enumerate(char_matrices): if cm.taxon_namespace is not taxon_namespace: raise ValueError("Different ``taxon_namespace`` references in matrices to be merged") if len(cm) != len(taxon_namespace): raise ValueError("Number of sequences not equal to the number of taxa") if len(cm) != nseqs: raise ValueError("Different number of sequences across alignments: %d (expecting %d based on first matrix)" % (len(cm), nseqs)) v1 = len(cm[0]) for t, s in cm.items(): if len(s) != v1: raise ValueError("Unequal length sequences in character matrix %d".format(cidx+1)) concatenated_chars.extend_matrix(cm) if cm.label is None: new_label = "locus%03d" % cidx else: new_label = cm.label cs_label = new_label i = 2 while cs_label in concatenated_chars.character_subsets: label = "%s_%03d" % (new_label, i) i += 1 character_indices = range(pos_start, pos_start + cm.vector_size) pos_start += cm.vector_size concatenated_chars.new_character_subset(character_indices=character_indices, label=cs_label) return concatenated_chars
concatenate = classmethod(concatenate)
[docs] def concatenate_from_streams(cls, streams, schema, **kwargs): """ Read a character matrix from each file object given in ``streams``, assuming data format/schema ``schema``, and passing any keyword arguments down to the underlying specialized reader. Merge the character matrices and return the combined character matrix. Component parts will be recorded as character subsets. """ taxon_namespace = taxonmodel.process_kwargs_dict_for_taxon_namespace(kwargs, None) if taxon_namespace is None: taxon_namespace = taxonmodel.TaxonNamespace() kwargs["taxon_namespace"] = taxon_namespace char_matrices = [] for stream in streams: char_matrices.append(cls.get_from_stream(stream, schema=schema, **kwargs)) return cls.concatenate(char_matrices)
concatenate_from_streams = classmethod(concatenate_from_streams)
[docs] def concatenate_from_paths(cls, paths, schema, **kwargs): """ Read a character matrix from each file path given in ``paths``, assuming data format/schema ``schema``, and passing any keyword arguments down to the underlying specialized reader. Merge the and return the combined character matrix. Component parts will be recorded as character subsets. """ streams = [open(path, "rU") for path in paths] return cls.concatenate_from_streams(streams, schema, **kwargs)
concatenate_from_paths = classmethod(concatenate_from_paths)
[docs] def from_dict(cls, source_dict, char_matrix=None, case_sensitive_taxon_labels=False, **kwargs): """ Populates character matrix from dictionary (or similar mapping type), creating |Taxon| objects and sequences as needed. Keys must be strings representing labels |Taxon| objects or |Taxon| objects directly. If key is specified as string, then it will be dereferenced to the first existing |Taxon| object in the current taxon namespace with the same label. If no such |Taxon| object can be found, then a new |Taxon| object is created and added to the current namespace. If a key is specified as a |Taxon| object, then this is used directly. If it is not in the current taxon namespace, it will be added. Values are the sequences (more generally, iterable of values). If values are of type `CharacterDataSequence`, then they are added as-is. Otherwise `CharacterDataSequence` instances are created for them. Values may be coerced into types compatible with particular matrices. The classmethod ``coerce_values()`` will be called for this. Examples -------- The following creates a |DnaCharacterMatrix| instance with three sequences:: d = { "s1" : "TCCAA", "s2" : "TGCAA", "s3" : "TG-AA", } dna = DnaCharacterMatrix.from_dict(d) Three |Taxon| objects will be created, corresponding to the labels 's1', 's2', 's3'. Each associated string sequence will be converted to a `CharacterDataSequence`, with each symbol ("A", "C", etc.) being replaced by the DNA state represented by the symbol. Parameters ---------- source_dict : dict or other mapping type Keys must be strings representing labels |Taxon| objects or |Taxon| objects directly. Values are sequences. See above for details. char_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Instance of |CharacterMatrix| to populate with data. If not specified, a new one will be created using keyword arguments specified by ``kwargs``. case_sensitive_taxon_labels : boolean If |True|, matching of string labels specified as keys in ``d`` will be matched to |Taxon| objects in current taxon namespace with case being respected. If |False|, then case will be ignored. \*\*kwargs : keyword arguments, optional Keyword arguments to be passed to constructor of |CharacterMatrix| when creating new instance to populate, if no target instance is provided via ``char_matrix``. Returns ------- char_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| |CharacterMatrix| populated by data from ``d``. """ if char_matrix is None: char_matrix = cls(**kwargs) for key in source_dict: if textprocessing.is_str_type(key): taxon = char_matrix.taxon_namespace.require_taxon(key, is_case_sensitive=case_sensitive_taxon_labels) else: taxon = key if taxon not in char_matrix.taxon_namespace: char_matrix.taxon_namespace.add_taxon(taxon) s = char_matrix.coerce_values(source_dict[key]) char_matrix[taxon] = s return char_matrix
from_dict = classmethod(from_dict) ########################################################################### ### Lifecycle and Identity def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): if len(args) > 1: # only allow 1 positional argument raise error.TooManyArgumentsError(func_name=self.__class__.__name__, max_args=1, args=args) elif len(args) == 1 and isinstance(args[0], CharacterMatrix): self._clone_from(args[0], kwargs) else: basemodel.DataObject.__init__(self, label=kwargs.pop("label", None)) taxonmodel.TaxonNamespaceAssociated.__init__(self, taxon_namespace=taxonmodel.process_kwargs_dict_for_taxon_namespace(kwargs, None)) self._taxon_sequence_map = {} self.character_types = [] self.comments = [] self.character_subsets = container.OrderedCaselessDict() if len(args) == 1: # takes care of all possible initializations, including. e.g., # tuples and so on d = collections.OrderedDict(args[0]) self.__class__.from_dict(d, char_matrix=self) if kwargs: raise TypeError("Unrecognized or unsupported arguments: {}".format(kwargs)) def __hash__(self): return id(self) def __eq__(self, other): return self is other def _clone_from(self, src, kwargs_dict): # super(Tree, self).__init__() memo = {} # memo[id(tree)] = self taxon_namespace = taxonmodel.process_kwargs_dict_for_taxon_namespace(kwargs_dict, src.taxon_namespace) memo[id(src.taxon_namespace)] = taxon_namespace if taxon_namespace is not src.taxon_namespace: for t1 in src.taxon_namespace: t2 = taxon_namespace.require_taxon(label=t1.label) memo[id(t1)] = t2 else: for t1 in src.taxon_namespace: memo[id(t1)] = t1 t = copy.deepcopy(src, memo) self.__dict__ = t.__dict__ self.label = kwargs_dict.pop("label", src.label) return self def __copy__(self): other = self.__class__(label=self.label, taxon_namespace=self.taxon_namespace) for taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: # other._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon]) other._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] memo = {} memo[id(self)] = other other.deep_copy_annotations_from(self, memo) return other def taxon_namespace_scoped_copy(self, memo=None): if memo is None: memo = {} # this populates ``memo`` with references to the # the TaxonNamespace and Taxon objects self.taxon_namespace.populate_memo_for_taxon_namespace_scoped_copy(memo) return self.__deepcopy__(memo=memo) def __deepcopy__(self, memo=None): return basemodel.Annotable.__deepcopy__(self, memo=memo) ########################################################################### ### Data I/O # def _parse_and_add_from_stream(self, stream, schema, **kwargs): # """ # Populates objects of this type from ``schema``-formatted # data in the file-like object source ``stream``, *replacing* # all current data. If multiple character matrices are in the data # source, a 0-based index of the character matrix to use can # be specified using the ``matrix_offset`` keyword (defaults to 0, i.e., first # character matrix). # """ # warnings.warn("Repopulating a CharacterMatrix is now deprecated. Instantiate a new instance from the source instead.", # DeprecationWarning) # m = self.__class__._parse_and_create_from_stream(stream=stream, # schema=schema, # **kwargs) # return self.clone_from(m) def _format_and_write_to_stream(self, stream, schema, **kwargs): """ Writes out ``self`` in ``schema`` format to a destination given by file-like object ``stream``. Parameters ---------- stream : file or file-like object Destination for data. schema : string Must be a recognized character file schema, such as "nexus", "phylip", etc, for which a specialized writer is available. If this is not implemented for the schema specified, then a UnsupportedSchemaError is raised. \*\*kwargs : keyword arguments, optional Keyword arguments will be passed directly to the writer for the specified schema. See documentation for details on keyword arguments supported by writers of various schemas. """ writer = dataio.get_writer(schema, **kwargs) writer.write_char_matrices([self], stream) ########################################################################### ### Taxon Management
[docs] def reconstruct_taxon_namespace(self, unify_taxa_by_label=True, taxon_mapping_memo=None): """ See `TaxonNamespaceAssociated.reconstruct_taxon_namespace`. """ if taxon_mapping_memo is None: taxon_mapping_memo = {} original_taxa = list(self._taxon_sequence_map.keys()) for original_taxon in original_taxa: if unify_taxa_by_label or original_taxon not in self.taxon_namespace: t = taxon_mapping_memo.get(original_taxon, None) if t is None: # taxon to use not given and # we have not yet created a counterpart if unify_taxa_by_label: # this will force usage of any taxon with # a label that matches the current taxon t = self.taxon_namespace.require_taxon(label=original_taxon.label) else: # this will unconditionally create a new taxon t = self.taxon_namespace.new_taxon(label=original_taxon.label) taxon_mapping_memo[original_taxon] = t else: # taxon to use is given by mapping self.taxon_namespace.add_taxon(t) if t in self._taxon_sequence_map: raise error.TaxonNamespaceReconstructionError("Multiple sequences for taxon with label '{}'".format(t.label)) self._taxon_sequence_map[t] = self._taxon_sequence_map[original_taxon] del self._taxon_sequence_map[original_taxon]
[docs] def poll_taxa(self, taxa=None): """ Returns a set populated with all of |Taxon| instances associated with ``self``. Parameters ---------- taxa : set() Set to populate. If not specified, a new one will be created. Returns ------- taxa : set[|Taxon|] Set of taxa associated with ``self``. """ if taxa is None: taxa = set() for taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: taxa.add(taxon) return taxa
[docs] def update_taxon_namespace(self): """ All |Taxon| objects in ``self`` that are not in ``self.taxon_namespace`` will be added. """ assert self.taxon_namespace is not None for taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon not in self.taxon_namespace: self.taxon_namespace.add_taxon(taxon)
[docs] def reindex_subcomponent_taxa(self): """ Synchronizes |Taxon| objects of map to ``taxon_namespace`` of self. """ raise NotImplementedError("'reindex_subcomponent_taxa()' is no longer supported; use '{}.reconstruct_taxon_namespace()' instead".format(self.__class__.__name__))
########################################################################### ### Sequence CRUD def _resolve_key(self, key): """ Resolves map access key into |Taxon| instance. If ``key`` is integer, assumed to be taxon index. If ``key`` string, assumed to be taxon label. Otherwise, assumed to be |Taxon| instance directly. """ if isinstance(key, int): if abs(key) < len(self.taxon_namespace): taxon = self.taxon_namespace[key] else: raise IndexError(key) elif textprocessing.is_str_type(key): taxon = self.taxon_namespace.get_taxon(label=key) if taxon is None: raise KeyError(key) else: taxon = key return taxon
[docs] def new_sequence(self, taxon, values=None): """ Creates a new `CharacterDataSequence` associated with |Taxon| ``taxon``, and populates it with values in ``values``. Parameters ---------- taxon : |Taxon| |Taxon| instance with which this sequence is associated. values : iterable or |None| An initial set of values with which to populate the new character sequence. Returns ------- s : `CharacterDataSequence` A new `CharacterDataSequence` associated with |Taxon| ``taxon``. """ if taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: raise ValueError("Character values vector for taxon {} already exists".format(repr(taxon))) if taxon not in self.taxon_namespace: raise ValueError("Taxon {} is not in object taxon namespace".format(repr(taxon))) cv = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(values) self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = cv return cv
[docs] def __getitem__(self, key): """ Retrieves sequence for ``key``, which can be a index or a label of a |Taxon| instance in the current taxon namespace, or a |Taxon| instance directly. If no sequence is currently associated with specified |Taxon|, a new one will be created. Note that the |Taxon| object must have already been defined in the curent taxon namespace. Parameters ---------- key : integer, string, or |Taxon| If an integer, assumed to be an index of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. If a string, assumed to be a label of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. Otherwise, assumed to be |Taxon| instance directly. In all cases, the |Taxon| object must be (already) defined in the current taxon namespace. Returns ------- s : `CharacterDataSequence` A sequence associated with the |Taxon| instance referenced by ``key``. """ taxon = self._resolve_key(key) try: return self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] except KeyError: return self.new_sequence(taxon)
[docs] def __setitem__(self, key, values): """ Assigns sequence ``values`` to taxon specified by ``key``, which can be a index or a label of a |Taxon| instance in the current taxon namespace, or a |Taxon| instance directly. If no sequence is currently associated with specified |Taxon|, a new one will be created. Note that the |Taxon| object must have already been defined in the curent taxon namespace. Parameters ---------- key : integer, string, or |Taxon| If an integer, assumed to be an index of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. If a string, assumed to be a label of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. Otherwise, assumed to be |Taxon| instance directly. In all cases, the |Taxon| object must be (already) defined in the current taxon namespace. """ taxon = self._resolve_key(key) if taxon not in self.taxon_namespace: raise ValueError(repr(key)) if not isinstance(values, self.__class__.character_sequence_type): values = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(values) self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = values
[docs] def __contains__(self, key): """ Returns |True| if a sequence associated with ``key`` is in ``self``, or |False| otherwise. Parameters ---------- key : integer, string, or |Taxon| If an integer, assumed to be an index of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. If a string, assumed to be a label of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. Otherwise, assumed to be |Taxon| instance directly. In all cases, the |Taxon| object must be (already) defined in the current taxon namespace. Returns ------- b : boolean |True| if ``key`` is in ``self``; |False| otherwise. """ return self._taxon_sequence_map.__contains__(key)
[docs] def __delitem__(self, key): """ Removes sequence for ``key``, which can be a index or a label of a |Taxon| instance in the current taxon namespace, or a |Taxon| instance directly. Parameters ---------- key : integer, string, or |Taxon| If an integer, assumed to be an index of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. If a string, assumed to be a label of a |Taxon| object in the current |TaxonNamespace| object of ``self.taxon_namespace``. Otherwise, assumed to be |Taxon| instance directly. In all cases, the |Taxon| object must be (already) defined in the current taxon namespace. """ return self._taxon_sequence_map.__delitem__(key)
[docs] def clear(self): """ Removes all sequences from matrix. """ self._taxon_sequence_map.clear()
[docs] def sequences(self): """ List of all sequences in self. Returns ------- s : list of `CharacterDataSequence` objects in self """ s = [self[taxon] for taxon in self] return s
def vectors(self): deprecate.dendropy_deprecation_warning( message="Deprecated since DendroPy 4: 'vectors()' will no longer be supported in future releases; use 'sequences()' instead") return self.sequences() ########################################################################### ### Symbol/alphabet management
[docs] def coerce_values(self, values): """ Converts elements of ``values`` to type of matrix. This method is called by :meth:`CharacterMatrix.from_dict` to create sequences from iterables of values. This method should be overridden by derived classes to ensure that ``values`` consists of types compatible with the particular type of matrix. For example, a CharacterMatrix type with a fixed state alphabet (such as |DnaCharacterMatrix|) would dereference the string elements of ``values`` to return a list of |StateIdentity| objects corresponding to the symbols represented by the strings. If there is no value-type conversion done, then ``values`` should be returned as-is. If no value-type conversion is possible (e.g., when the type of a value is dependent on positionaly information), then a TypeError should be raised. Parameters ---------- values : iterable Iterable of values to be converted. Returns ------- v : list of values. """ return values
########################################################################### ### Sequence Access Iteration
[docs] def __iter__(self): "Returns an iterator over character map's ordered keys." for t in self.taxon_namespace: if t in self._taxon_sequence_map: yield t
[docs] def values(self): """ Iterates values (i.e. sequences) in this matrix. """ for t in self: yield self[t]
# def iterkeys(self): # "Dictionary interface implementation for direct access to character map." # for t in self.taxon_namespace: # if t in self._taxon_sequence_map: # yield t # def itervalues(self): # "Dictionary interface implementation for direct access to character map." # for t in self.taxon_namespace: # if t in self._taxon_sequence_map: # yield self._taxon_sequence_map[t]
[docs] def items(self): "Returns character map key, value pairs in key-order." for t in self.taxon_namespace: if t in self._taxon_sequence_map: yield t, self._taxon_sequence_map[t]
# def values(self): # "Returns list of values." # return [self._taxon_sequence_map[t] for t in self.taxon_namespace if t in self._taxon_seq_map] # def pop(self, key, alt_val=None): # "a.pop(k[, x]): a[k] if k in a, else x (and remove k)" # return self._taxon_sequence_map.pop(key, alt_val) # def popitem(self): # "a.popitem() remove and last (key, value) pair" # return self._taxon_sequence_map.popitem() # def keys(self): # "Returns a copy of the ordered list of character map keys." # return list(self._taxon_sequence_map.keys()) ########################################################################### ### Metrics
[docs] def __len__(self): """ Number of sequences in matrix. Returns ------- n : Number of sequences in matrix. """ return len(self._taxon_sequence_map)
def _get_sequence_size(self): """ Number of characters in *first* sequence in matrix. Returns ------- n : integer Number of sequences in matrix. """ if len(self): # yuck, but len(self.values()) # means we have to create and populate a list ... return len(self[next(iter(self._taxon_sequence_map))]) else: return 0 sequence_size = property(_get_sequence_size, None, None) vector_size = property(_get_sequence_size, None, None) # legacy def _get_max_sequence_size(self): """ Maximum number of characters across all sequences in matrix. Returns ------- n : integer Maximum number of characters across all sequences in matrix. """ max_len = 0 for k in self: if len(self[k]) > max_len: max_len = len(self._taxon_sequence_map[k]) return max_len max_sequence_size = property(_get_max_sequence_size, None, None) ########################################################################### ### Mass/Bulk Operations
[docs] def fill(self, value, size=None, append=True): """ Pads out all sequences in ``self`` by adding ``value`` to each sequence until its length is ``size`` long or equal to the length of the longest sequence if ``size`` is not specified. Parameters ---------- value : object A valid value (e.g., a numeric value for continuous characters, or a |StateIdentity| for discrete character). size : integer or None The size (length) up to which the sequences will be padded. If |None|, then the maximum (longest) sequence size will be used. append : boolean If |True| (default), then new values will be added to the end of each sequence. If |False|, then new values will be inserted to the front of each sequence. """ if size is None: size = self.max_sequence_size for k in self: v = self[k] while len(v) < size: if append: v.append(value) else: v.insert(0, value) return size
[docs] def fill_taxa(self): """ Adds a new (empty) sequence for each |Taxon| instance in current taxon namespace that does not have a sequence. """ for taxon in self.taxon_namespace: if taxon not in self: self[taxon] = CharacterDataSequence()
[docs] def pack(self, value=None, size=None, append=True): """ Adds missing sequences for all |Taxon| instances in current namespace, and then pads out all sequences in ``self`` by adding ``value`` to each sequence until its length is ``size`` long or equal to the length of the longest sequence if ``size`` is not specified. A combination of :meth:`CharacterMatrix.fill_taxa()` and :meth:`CharacterMatrix.fill()`. Parameters ---------- value : object A valid value (e.g., a numeric value for continuous characters, or a |StateIdentity| for discrete character). size : integer or None The size (length) up to which the sequences will be padded. If |None|, then the maximum (longest) sequence size will be used. append : boolean If |True| (default), then new values will be added to the end of each sequence. If |False|, then new values will be inserted to the front of each sequence. """ self.fill_taxa() self.fill(value=value, size=size, append=append)
[docs] def add_sequences(self, other_matrix): """ Adds sequences for |Taxon| objects that are in ``other_matrix`` but not in ``self``. Parameters ---------- other_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Matrix from which to add sequences. Notes ----- 1. ``other_matrix`` must be of same type as ``self``. 2. ``other_matrix`` must have the same |TaxonNamespace| as ``self``. 3. Each sequence associated with a |Taxon| reference in ``other_matrix`` but not in ``self`` will be added to ``self`` as a shallow-copy. 4. All other sequences will be ignored. """ if other_matrix.taxon_namespace is not self.taxon_namespace: raise error.TaxonNamespaceIdentityError(self, other_matrix) for taxon in other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon not in self._taxon_sequence_map: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon])
[docs] def replace_sequences(self, other_matrix): """ Replaces sequences for |Taxon| objects shared between ``self`` and ``other_matrix``. Parameters ---------- other_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Matrix from which to replace sequences. Notes ----- 1. ``other_matrix`` must be of same type as ``self``. 2. ``other_matrix`` must have the same |TaxonNamespace| as ``self``. 3. Each sequence in ``self`` associated with a |Taxon| that is also represented in ``other_matrix`` will be replaced with a shallow-copy of the corresponding sequence from ``other_matrix``. 4. All other sequences will be ignored. """ if other_matrix.taxon_namespace is not self.taxon_namespace: raise error.TaxonNamespaceIdentityError(self, other_matrix) for taxon in other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon])
[docs] def update_sequences(self, other_matrix): """ Replaces sequences for |Taxon| objects shared between ``self`` and ``other_matrix`` and adds sequences for |Taxon| objects that are in ``other_matrix`` but not in ``self``. Parameters ---------- other_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Matrix from which to update sequences. Notes ----- 1. ``other_matrix`` must be of same type as ``self``. 2. ``other_matrix`` must have the same |TaxonNamespace| as ``self``. 3. Each sequence associated with a |Taxon| reference in ``other_matrix`` but not in ``self`` will be added to ``self``. 4. Each sequence in ``self`` associated with a |Taxon| that is also represented in ``other_matrix`` will be replaced with a shallow-copy of the corresponding sequence from ``other_matrix``. """ if other_matrix.taxon_namespace is not self.taxon_namespace: raise error.TaxonNamespaceIdentityError(self, other_matrix) for taxon in other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] = self.__class__.character_sequence_type(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon])
[docs] def extend_sequences(self, other_matrix): """ Extends sequences in ``self`` with characters associated with corresponding |Taxon| objects in ``other_matrix``. Parameters ---------- other_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Matrix from which to extend sequences. Notes ----- 1. ``other_matrix`` must be of same type as ``self``. 2. ``other_matrix`` must have the same |TaxonNamespace| as ``self``. 3. Each sequence associated with a |Taxon| reference in ``other_matrix`` that is also in ``self`` will be appended to the sequence currently associated with that |Taxon| reference in ``self``. 4. All other sequences will be ignored. """ if other_matrix.taxon_namespace is not self.taxon_namespace: raise error.TaxonNamespaceIdentityError(self, other_matrix) for taxon in other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon].extend(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon])
[docs] def extend_matrix(self, other_matrix): """ Extends sequences in ``self`` with characters associated with corresponding |Taxon| objects in ``other_matrix`` and adds sequences for |Taxon| objects that are in ``other_matrix`` but not in ``self``. Parameters ---------- other_matrix : |CharacterMatrix| Matrix from which to extend. Notes ----- 1. ``other_matrix`` must be of same type as ``self``. 2. ``other_matrix`` must have the same |TaxonNamespace| as ``self``. 3. Each sequence associated with a |Taxon| reference in ``other_matrix`` that is also in ``self`` will be appending to the sequence currently associated with that |Taxon| reference in ``self``. 4. Each sequence associated with a |Taxon| reference in ``other_matrix`` that is also in ``self`` will replace the sequence currently associated with that |Taxon| reference in ``self``. """ if other_matrix.taxon_namespace is not self.taxon_namespace: raise error.TaxonNamespaceIdentityError(self, other_matrix) for taxon in other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon].extend(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon]) else: self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon]= self.__class__.character_sequence_type(other_matrix._taxon_sequence_map[taxon])
[docs] def remove_sequences(self, taxa): """ Removes sequences associated with |Taxon| instances specified in ``taxa``. A KeyError is raised if a |Taxon| instance is specified for which there is no associated sequences. Parameters ---------- taxa : iterable[|Taxon|] List or some other iterable of |Taxon| instances. """ for taxon in taxa: del self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon]
[docs] def discard_sequences(self, taxa): """ Removes sequences associated with |Taxon| instances specified in ``taxa`` if they exist. Parameters ---------- taxa : iterable[|Taxon|] List or some other iterable of |Taxon| instances. """ for taxon in taxa: try: del self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon] except KeyError: pass
[docs] def keep_sequences(self, taxa): """ Discards all sequences *not* associated with any of the |Taxon| instances. Parameters ---------- taxa : iterable[|Taxon|] List or some other iterable of |Taxon| instances. """ to_keep = set(taxa) for taxon in self._taxon_sequence_map: if taxon not in to_keep: del self._taxon_sequence_map[taxon]
# def extend_characters(self, other_matrix): # """ # DEPRECATED # Extends this matrix by adding characters from sequences of taxa # in given matrix to sequences of taxa with correspond labels in # this one. Taxa in the second matrix that do not exist in the # current one are ignored. # """ # self._taxon_sequence_map.extend_characters(other_matrix.taxon_seq_map) # def extend_map(self, # other_map, # overwrite_existing=False, # extend_existing=False): # """ # DEPRECATED # Extends this matrix by adding taxa and characters from the given # map to this one. If ``overwrite_existing`` is True and a taxon # in the other map is already present in the current one, then # the sequence associated with the taxon in the second map # replaces the sequence in the current one. If ``extend_existing`` # is True and a taxon in the other matrix is already present in # the current one, then the squence map with the taxon in # the second map will be added to the sequence in the current # one. If both are True, then an exception is raised. If neither # are True, and a taxon in the other map is already present in # the current one, then the sequence is ignored. # """ # self._taxon_sequence_map.extend(other_map, # overwrite_existing=overwrite_existing, # extend_existing=extend_existing) # self.update_taxon_namespace() # def extend(self, # other_matrix, # overwrite_existing=False, # extend_existing=False): # """ # Extends this matrix by adding taxa and characters from the given # matrix to this one. If ``overwrite_existing`` is True and a taxon # in the other matrix is already present in the current one, then # the sequence associated with the taxon in the second matrix # replaces the sequence in the current one. If ``extend_existing`` # is True and a taxon in the other matrix is already present in # the current one, then the sequence associated with the taxon in # the second matrix will be added to the sequence in the current # one. If both are True, then an exception is raised. If neither # are True, and a taxon in the other matrix is already present in # the current one, then the sequence is ignored. # """ # self._taxon_sequence_map.extend(other_matrix.taxon_seq_map, # overwrite_existing=overwrite_existing, # extend_existing=extend_existing) # self.update_taxon_namespace() ########################################################################### ### Character Subset Management
[docs] def add_character_subset(self, char_subset): """ Adds a CharacterSubset object. Raises an error if one already exists with the same label. """ label = char_subset.label if label in self.character_subsets: raise ValueError("Character subset '%s' already defined" % label) self.character_subsets[label] = char_subset return self.character_subsets[label]
[docs] def new_character_subset(self, label, character_indices): """ Defines a set of character (columns) that make up a character set. Raises an error if one already exists with the same label. Column indices are 0-based. """ cs = CharacterSubset(character_indices=character_indices, label=label) return self.add_character_subset(cs)
########################################################################### ### CharacterType Management def new_character_type(self, *args, **kwargs): return CharacterType(*args, **kwargs) ########################################################################### ### Export
[docs] def export_character_subset(self, character_subset): """ Returns a new CharacterMatrix (of the same type) consisting only of columns given by the CharacterSubset, ``character_subset``. Note that this new matrix will still reference the same taxon set. """ if textprocessing.is_str_type(character_subset): if character_subset not in self.character_subsets: raise KeyError(character_subset) else: character_subset = self.character_subsets[character_subset] return self.export_character_indices(character_subset.character_indices)
[docs] def export_character_indices(self, indices): """ Returns a new CharacterMatrix (of the same type) consisting only of columns given by the 0-based indices in ``indices``. Note that this new matrix will still reference the same taxon set. """ clone = self.__class__(self) # clear out character subsets; otherwise all indices will have to be # recalculated, which will require some careful and perhaps arbitrary # handling of corner cases clone.character_subsets = container.OrderedCaselessDict() indices = set(indices) for vec in clone.values(): for cell_idx in range(len(vec)-1, -1, -1): if cell_idx not in indices: del(vec[cell_idx]) return clone
########################################################################### ### Representation
[docs] def description(self, depth=1, indent=0, itemize="", output=None): """ Returns description of object, up to level ``depth``. """ if depth is None or depth < 0: return output_strio = StringIO() label = " (%s: '%s')" % (id(self), self.label) output_strio.write('%s%s%s object at %s%s' % (indent*' ', itemize, self.__class__.__name__, hex(id(self)), label)) if depth >= 1: output_strio.write(': %d Sequences' % len(self)) if depth >= 2: if self.taxon_namespace is not None: tlead = "\n%s[Taxon Set]\n" % (" " * (indent+4)) output_strio.write(tlead) self.taxon_namespace.description(depth=depth-1, indent=indent+8, itemize="", output=output_strio) tlead = "\n%s[Characters]\n" % (" " * (indent+4)) output_strio.write(tlead) indent += 8 maxlabel = max([len(str(t.label)) for t in self.taxon_namespace]) for i, t in enumerate(self.taxon_namespace): output_strio.write('%s%s%s : %s characters\n' \ % (" " * indent, "[%d] " % i, str(t.label), len(self._taxon_sequence_map[t]))) s = output_strio.getvalue() if output is not None: output.write(s) return s
########################################################################### ### Legacy def _get_taxon_seq_map(self): warnings.warn("All methods and features of 'CharacterMatrix.taxon_seq_map' have been integrated directly into 'CharacterMatrix', or otherwise replaced entirely", stacklevel=2) return self taxon_seq_map = property(_get_taxon_seq_map)
############################################################################### ## Specialized Matrices ### Continuous Characters ################################################## class ContinuousCharacterDataSequence(CharacterDataSequence): """ A sequence of continuous character values for a particular taxon or entry in a data matrix. Specializes `CharacterDataSequence` by assuming all values are primitive numerics (i.e., either floats or integers) when copying or representing self. """ def symbols_as_list(self): """ Returns list of string representation of values of this vector. Returns ------- v : list List of string representation of values making up this vector. """ return [str(v) for v in self] def symbols_as_string(self, sep=" "): # different default return CharacterDataSequence.symbols_as_string(self, sep=sep)
[docs]class ContinuousCharacterMatrix(CharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for continuous data. Sequences stored using |ContinuousCharacterDataSequence|, with values of elements assumed to be ``float`` . """ character_sequence_type = ContinuousCharacterDataSequence data_type = "continuous" def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): CharacterMatrix.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs)
### Discrete Characters ################################################## class DiscreteCharacterDataSequence(CharacterDataSequence): pass class DiscreteCharacterMatrix(CharacterMatrix): character_sequence_type = DiscreteCharacterDataSequence data_type = "discrete" def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): CharacterMatrix.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) self.state_alphabets = [] self._default_state_alphabet = None def _get_default_state_alphabet(self): if self._default_state_alphabet is not None: return self._default_state_alphabet elif len(self.state_alphabets) == 1: return self.state_alphabets[0] elif len(self.state_alphabets) > 1: raise TypeError("Multiple state alphabets defined for this matrix with no default specified") elif len(self.state_alphabets) == 0: raise TypeError("No state alphabets defined for this matrix") return None def _set_default_state_alphabet(self, s): if s not in self.state_alphabets: self.state_alphabets.append(s) self._default_state_alphabet = s default_state_alphabet = property(_get_default_state_alphabet, _set_default_state_alphabet) def append_taxon_sequence(self, taxon, state_symbols): if taxon not in self: self[taxon] = CharacterDataSequence() for value in state_symbols: if textprocessing.is_str_type(value): symbol = value else: symbol = str(value) self[taxon].append(self.default_symbol_state_map[symbol]) def remap_to_state_alphabet_by_symbol(self, state_alphabet, purge_other_state_alphabets=True): """ All entities with any reference to a state alphabet will be have the reference reassigned to state alphabet ``sa``, and all entities with any reference to a state alphabet element will be have the reference reassigned to any state alphabet element in ``sa`` that has the same symbol. Raises KeyError if no matching symbol can be found. """ for vi, vec in enumerate(self._taxon_sequence_map.values()): for ci, cell in enumerate(vec): vec[ci] = state_alphabet[cell.symbol] for ct in self.character_types: if ct is not None: ct.state_alphabet = state_alphabet if purge_other_state_alphabets: self.default_state_alphabet = state_alphabet def remap_to_default_state_alphabet_by_symbol(self, purge_other_state_alphabets=True): """ All entities with any reference to a state alphabet will be have the reference reassigned to the default state alphabet, and all entities with any reference to a state alphabet element will be have the reference reassigned to any state alphabet element in the default state alphabet that has the same symbol. Raises ValueError if no matching symbol can be found. """ self.remap_to_state_alphabet_by_symbol( state_alphabet=self.default_state_alphabet, purge_other_state_alphabets=purge_other_state_alphabets) def taxon_state_sets_map(self, char_indices=None, gaps_as_missing=True, gap_state=None, no_data_state=None): """ Returns a dictionary that maps taxon objects to lists of sets of fundamental state indices. Parameters ---------- char_indices : iterable of ints An iterable of indexes of characters to include (by column). If not given or |None| [default], then all characters are included. gaps_as_missing : boolean If |True| [default] then gap characters will be treated as missing data values. If |False|, then they will be treated as an additional (fundamental) state.` Returns ------- d : dict A dictionary with class:|Taxon| objects as keys and a list of sets of fundamental state indexes as values. E.g., Given the following matrix of DNA characters: T1 AGN T2 C-T T3 GC? Return with ``gaps_as_missing==True`` :: { <T1> : [ set([0]), set([2]), set([0,1,2,3]) ], <T2> : [ set([1]), set([0,1,2,3]), set([3]) ], <T3> : [ set([2]), set([1]), set([0,1,2,3]) ], } Return with ``gaps_as_missing==False`` :: { <T1> : [ set([0]), set([2]), set([0,1,2,3]) ], <T2> : [ set([1]), set([4]), set([3]) ], <T3> : [ set([2]), set([1]), set([0,1,2,3,4]) ], } Note that when gaps are treated as a fundamental state, not only does '-' map to a distinct and unique state (4), but '?' (missing data) maps to set consisting of all bases *and* the gap state, whereas 'N' maps to a set of all bases but not including the gap state. When gaps are treated as missing, on the other hand, then '?' and 'N' and '-' all map to the same set, i.e. of all the bases. """ taxon_to_state_indices = {} for t in self: cdv = self[t] if char_indices is None: ci = range(len(cdv)) else: ci = char_indices v = [] for char_index in ci: state = cdv[char_index] if gaps_as_missing: v.append(set(state.fundamental_indexes_with_gaps_as_missing)) else: v.append(set(state.fundamental_indexes)) taxon_to_state_indices[t] = v return taxon_to_state_indices ### Fixed Alphabet Characters ################################################## class FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence(CharacterDataSequence): pass class FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix(DiscreteCharacterMatrix): character_sequence_type = FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence data_type = "fixed" datatype_alphabet = None def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): DiscreteCharacterMatrix.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) self.state_alphabets.append(self.__class__.datatype_alphabet) self._default_state_alphabet = self.__class__.datatype_alphabet def coerce_values(self, values): if self.datatype_alphabet is None: raise ValueError("'datatype_alphabet' not set") return charstatemodel.coerce_to_state_identities( state_alphabet=self.datatype_alphabet, values=values) ### DNA Characters ################################################## class DnaCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class DnaCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for DNA data. """ character_sequence_type = DnaCharacterDataSequence data_type = "dna" datatype_alphabet = DNA_STATE_ALPHABET
### RNA Characters ################################################## class RnaCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class RnaCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for DNA data. """ character_sequence_type = RnaCharacterDataSequence data_type = "rna" datatype_alphabet = RNA_STATE_ALPHABET
### Nucleotide Characters ################################################## class NucleotideCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass class NucleotideCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for RNA data. """ character_sequence_type = NucleotideCharacterDataSequence data_type = "nucleotide" datatype_alphabet = NUCLEOTIDE_STATE_ALPHABET ### Protein Characters ################################################## class ProteinCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class ProteinCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for protein or amino acid data. """ character_sequence_type = ProteinCharacterDataSequence data_type = "protein" datatype_alphabet = PROTEIN_STATE_ALPHABET
### Restricted Site Characters ################################################## class RestrictionSitesCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class RestrictionSitesCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for restriction site data. """ character_sequence_type = RestrictionSitesCharacterDataSequence data_type = "restriction" datatype_alphabet = RESTRICTION_SITES_STATE_ALPHABET
### Infinite Sites Characters ################################################## class InfiniteSitesCharacterDataSequence(FixedAlphabetCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class InfiniteSitesCharacterMatrix(FixedAlphabetCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for infinite sites data. """ character_sequence_type = InfiniteSitesCharacterDataSequence data_type = "infinite" datatype_alphabet = INFINITE_SITES_STATE_ALPHABET
### Standard Characters ################################################## class StandardCharacterDataSequence(DiscreteCharacterDataSequence): pass
[docs]class StandardCharacterMatrix(DiscreteCharacterMatrix): """ Specializes |CharacterMatrix| for "standard" data (i.e., generic discrete character data). """ character_sequence_type = StandardCharacterDataSequence data_type = "standard" def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs): """ A default state alphabet consisting of state symbols of 0-9 will automatically be created unless the ``default_state_alphabet=None`` is passed in. To specify a different default state alphabet:: default_state_alphabet=dendropy.new_standard_state_alphabet("abc") default_state_alphabet=dendropy.new_standard_state_alphabet("ij") """ if "default_state_alphabet" in kwargs: default_state_alphabet = kwargs.pop("default_state_alphabet") else: default_state_alphabet = charstatemodel.new_standard_state_alphabet() DiscreteCharacterMatrix.__init__(self, *args, **kwargs) if default_state_alphabet is not None: self.default_state_alphabet = default_state_alphabet def coerce_values(self, values): if self.default_state_alphabet is None: raise ValueError("'default_state_alphabet' not set") return charstatemodel.coerce_to_state_identities( state_alphabet=self.default_state_alphabet, values=values)
############################################################################### ## Main Character Matrix Factory Function data_type_matrix_map = { 'continuous' : ContinuousCharacterMatrix, 'dna' : DnaCharacterMatrix, 'rna' : RnaCharacterMatrix, 'nucleotide' : NucleotideCharacterMatrix, 'protein' : ProteinCharacterMatrix, 'standard' : StandardCharacterMatrix, 'restriction' : RestrictionSitesCharacterMatrix, 'infinite' : InfiniteSitesCharacterMatrix, } def get_char_matrix_type(data_type): if data_type is None: raise TypeError("'data_type' must be specified") matrix_type = data_type_matrix_map.get(data_type, None) if matrix_type is None: raise KeyError("Unrecognized data type specification: '{}'".format(data_type, sorted(data_type_matrix_map.keys()))) return matrix_type def new_char_matrix(data_type, **kwargs): matrix_type = get_char_matrix_type(data_type=data_type) m = matrix_type(**kwargs) return m